Dining on Damnation: a Short History of the Sin Eaters

Dining on Damnation: a Short History of the Sin Eaters

Much like the living, the dead have their own problems.

If you subscribe to the philosophy of many paranormal hobbyists, you might believe that the dead are trapped between two worlds, caught in vortices, forced to haunt a location, or are bound to the Earthly realm by unfinished business.  No matter how you look at it, being dead is plagued by a myriad of complications.  Perhaps this is the reason for the existence of countless  customs surrounding death and burial in both the ancient and modern world.  No practice is designed to take the burden off the recently deceased quite like the legend of the sin-eater.

The tradition of the sin-eater, at least identifying such an entity by name, originates in southern England.  It was in this region that the legend became an accepted custom.  The sin-eater was selected (or possibly self-appointed) from the most detestable in the community.  An ugly, decrepit, wretch, this most base of humanity was often from society’s lowest class.  Regardless of their outward appearance, the sin-eater performed a vital function. Theirs was an unholy task, the cause of horror for civilized society.  Like so many others throughout the ages, the talents of damned are often times in high demand.  Everyone is willing to pay for a service that in its very nature is unspeakable.

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Upon the death of a person of prestige, the sin-eater would make an appearance outside the home of the recent dead.  As the body, or casket, was carried out of the home, the procession would stop to pay homage to the sin-eater.  Members of the departed’s family would pass bread, a wooden bowl of beer, and sixpence over the corpse and into the hands of the waiting sin-eater.  The sin-eater would physically take the food and spiritually impart upon himself the sins of the dead person.  The sin-eater was said to speak an incantation over the body before consuming the offering.  Once the ritual was completed, there was no more need for the family to worry about any evil committed by the recently deceased.  The sin-eater would then slip away, growing more detestable, with every set of sins devoured.

Other accounts of the activities of the sin-eater describe more intimate interaction with the dead.  Traditions exist that describe the sin-eater being summonsed to a home after a death.  Those in the home set a plate of salt on the chest of the departed.  On top of the salt, a loaf of bread was placed alongside a flagon of ale.  The sin-eater whispered over the meal and then consumed it in the presence of the family.  Unburdened by their carnal transgressions, the dead could now enter the kingdom of Heaven.  Once paid, the sin-eater disappeared into the countryside.

Welsh lore suggests that not only did the sin-eater take the indiscretions of the dead into themselves, they also prevented the dead from becoming the undead.  It was said that with the deceased’s sins absorbed by the sin-eater, they had no reason to rise from the grave and wander the Earth in discontent.  Forgiven, and resting peacefully, they could remain in the grave to the ease of all those left behind.  Fear of the wandering dead has long plagued most every civilization.

It is worth mentioning, that in a time when the church held a monopoly on the forgiveness of sins, such customs would be looked upon as heathenism.  The sin-eater would be forced to conceal their identity from church authorities or surely be executed.  This unransomable soul would wander the wilderness, much like its Biblical scapegoat counterpart.  The sin-eater was never seen unless called upon for his or her  services.  Those who were found to  deal with the sin-eater would likely fair no better in a pious society, which is one of the reasons substantive documentation of the existence of such activities is rare.  Nevertheless, the sin-eater existed, and their power held sway over those who thought their loved ones damned.  Did they truly save any souls, or did they simply feast upon the naiveté of the desperate?  Such is the question about many practioners of the paranormal.


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9 Comments

  1. Lonnie Scott

    06/29/2012 at 1:53 PM

    That’s interesting. This is the first time I’ve heard of the sin eaters. What a curious profession. It would be a good way for the local vagrant to stay fed. I can imagine the fights among the poorest to see who would rise to the office of sin eater.

    I wonder if any culture has some similar tradition still at work. There’s certainly a market there for all you esoteric candle makers. The sin eating candle stays lit with the corpse before the funeral, along with a chant or three, and burns away the sins of the dead.

    Nice article!

  2. Kwin The Eskimo

    06/30/2012 at 7:23 PM

    Thanks for the comment. I have found this concept fascinating for a long time and thought it would make a good debut article here at Who Forted. Looking forward to bringing more of the true unknown out from the shadows.

  3. Stacy

    08/18/2012 at 1:24 PM

    This reminds me of the movie The Order with Heath Ledger. Came out in 2003 but still one of my favorites because of the topic.. who’s to say something like this doesn’t happen?

  4. Jeff Nisbet

    04/07/2013 at 4:05 AM

    Rod Serling’s Twilight Zone had a segment on the Sin Eater. It starred Richard Thomas of The Waltons show.

    Best,

    Jeff

    • kika Balden

      07/19/2013 at 4:37 PM

      Jeff,
      The television program you are referring to is NIGHT GALLERY, episode entitled Sins Of The Father. You are correct that a young Richard (John-boy Walton) Thomas starred in this episode.

  5. findtheothers

    06/27/2013 at 8:20 AM

    wonder what happens to sin eaters when they die, could one become the sin eater of the sin eaters or did sin eaters die in the streets, their bones picked by dogs, their souls left to wander for eternity, laden with the sins of the privileged.

    • Tony

      10/17/2015 at 9:58 AM

      Sin eaters live for a very long time, and grows more tired , the more sins are consumed , be for the body takes the last. breath, tools of the trade were a holy wooden cross with a splinter from the cross on witch Jesus died on, and a charcole marker, where he writes BLOOD IN at top of head, and BLOOD OUT at the feet, last too objects , a pice of bread and a lump of salt, he places the bread on the left side of the heart, then the salt on the right side next to bread. The bread is for the host, the salt for the blood, he places the wooden cross on the head, recites a verse from the roman bible. As the life runs out of the body, the death eater must consume the bread and salt together, witch transfer. The sins of the soul into the sin eater, witch . The soul of the excommunicated from holy power, can enter heaven’s gates, the only way to become a sin eater is to murrder the sin eater, than you take over that curse the order that head this secret was the Catholicism , not liked at the Vatican , but still they at a sect of the roman church, witch I hope you have more of an understanding of the sin eater , the Catholicism also does do battle with indviduals possed by one or more demonic fallen angles, witch the the read verses from the roman bible , if we look at the Egypt their belief was to spend their lives perpairing for death, and we spend all our lives in fear of death so one is not inclined to think about it, I think their is la period when we lost a lot of wisdom and stopped our technology advance from thousands of years, but all ways think of this saying (MOMENTUM MORI) rember you have to die, it’s hard to consider if since is write, our brain releases chemicals to comfort death, but what about the soul how we were, how we are born with certain talents, better at some thing any one else can do, can this be explained buy genes in coded in our DNA.
      Any way I have babbled on for long enough now, cheers and be well

  6. Steve

    09/04/2014 at 10:33 PM

    Wondering what happens to the Sin Eater when the sin eater passes on… now that’s the question!

    What happens to me…

  7. Heather Walker

    02/19/2015 at 8:15 PM

    I have wondered what is in it for the sin eater, and yes, what becomes of them when they die? Perhaps some barter their soul, for the sins they consume give them the ability to walk between this world and the next, and aging inst an issue because the sins empower them with otherworldly powers. If this is so, then death could not reach them, and the damnation of their soul wouldn’t be so risky. just a thought.

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